Policy Briefs (developed by the Belgian Biodiversity Platform)

The policy briefs each present the current state of knowledge in the field across a variety of disciplines and highlight key recommendations emanating from the conference. In addition, a series of actions are also proposed in appendixes, as well as a glossary of the main concepts associated.


                   obj 5350                The case of bushmeat import

                   obj 5351                 The case of reptiles and amphibians

                   obj 5352                 Sound data in support of decision making

                      Appendix 1                     Glossary 

                     Appendix 2                      Bushmeat: Actions to support recommendations

                     Appendix 3                      Reptiles & Amphibians: Actions to support recommendations


Background documents on wildlife trade (Developed by the SPF Health Food Chain Safety and Environment)



Towards a Sustainable Wildlife Trade

[FR] Vers un commerce durable des espèces exotiques de la faune sauvage

[NL] Naar een duurzame handel in dieren en planten uit het wild



Trade and comsumption of bushmeat in the European Union

[FR] Commerce et consommation de viande de brousse dans l'Union Européenne 

[NL] Handel in en consumptie van bushmeat in de Europese Unie



Illegal importantion of meat, including bushmeat, from air passengers

[FR] Importation illégale de viande, y compris de viande de brousse, en provenance de passagers aériens

[NL] Illegale invoer van vlees, inclusief bushmeat, afkomstig van vliegtuigpassagiers




Trade and keeping of live exotic reptiles and amphibians

[FR] Commerce et détention de reptiles et d'amphibiens exotiques

[NL] Handel in en houden van levende exotische reptielen en amfibieën



Trade in live exotic amphibians 

[FR] Commerce d'amphibiens exotiques

[NL] Handel in levende exotische amfibieën



Trade in live exotic reptiles

[FR] Commerce de reptiles exotiques

[NL] Handel in levende exotische reptielen



study on illegal importation of meat


Report on the illegal importation of meat, including bushmeat, seized at Zaventem Airport - 2017/2018

by Chaber A-L, Gaubert P. 

Green H., Garigliany M., Renault V., Busoni V., Dieudonné M., Saegerman C.

Study accomplished under the authority of the Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment

Appendix 1. DNA-based identification of the 197 analysed samples based on the four mitochondrial genes (Cyt b, COI, 16S, 12S).

Appendix 2. Spectrum of the wild meat diversity seized at the Brussels’ airport


Domestic meat and bushmeat imported illegally from sub-Saharan Africa to Belgium: pilot study concerning the presence of pathogens

Garigliany M.M.1, Renault V.1, Franssen M.1, Chaber A.L.2, Saegerman, C.1

The issue of illegally bush- and domestic meat is a major concern for both the international bodies and the Belgian Federal Public Service (FPS) for Public Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment. As an example, the importation of buhmeat directly threatens the biodiversity in the countries concerned. Besides, the illegal importation of bush- and domestic meat from Africa is a potential route for the introduction of pathogens into the European Union. To assess this risk exposure, 61 samples of meat were seized as part of an FPS public health study at Zaventem airport (years 2017-2018) using 16S rDNA metagenetics and shotgun metagenomics. This pilot study demonstrated the presence of nucleotide sequences of the African Swine Fever virus, 14 bacteria or bacterial genera that are potentially zoonotic and 2 parasites.

1 Fundamental and Applied Research for Animal and Health (FARAH) Center, University of Liège, B-4000 Liège

2 One Health & Wildlife Population Health, School of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, The University of Adelaide, 5371 Adelaide, Australia