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Vectors and vector borne diseases

Session coordinators: Nick De Regge, Isra Deblauwe & Steven Van Gucht

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Session report available here.

 

In our interacting living world, some microbes and other organisms use a complex transmission cycle involving various hosts for their survival, reproduction and spread. This is the case for what we call vector borne diseases (VBD). Such pathogens are transferred between hosts by invertebrate vectors that do not suffer from their presence but they (occasionally) cause harmful effects to their human and/or animal host. Current environmental changes linked to human activities (a.o. climate change, landscape changes) together with increased globalization and the use of antimicrobial products and insecticides can rapidly change the distribution, composition, abundance and dynamics of pathogens and vectors. This can result in changes at the pathogen - vector - host interface and could potentially be accompanied by changes in host spectrum and pathogen virulence.

In this session, we will illustrate these changes through actual examples and discuss how this evolution requires to develop or adapt monitoring and management plans towards vectors and VBD, in particular in Belgium and Europe but also through One Health/EcoHealth approaches on the field in developing countries, and through adequate and coherent international collaboration of concerned actors in different sectors.   

The discussion will be preceded by introductory presentations on:

- vector monitoring in Belgium and neighboring countries

- vector competence and the potential role of indigenous vectors for disease transmission

- vector borne diseases threatening Belgium and northern Europe

- disease specific presentations on Zika virus, tick borne diseases, …

 

Session coordinators: Nick De Regge, Isra Deblauwe & Steven Van Gucht 

Introductory speakers:

Albert Godal (Ministère de la Santé – France: Bureau des risques infectieux émergents et des vigilances)

Wim Van Bortel (ECDC - http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/activities/diseaseprogrammes/emerging_and_vector_borne_diseases/Pages/index.aspx)

Veerle Vanlerberghe (ITM - http://www.itg.be/itg/generalsite/Default.aspx?L=N&WPID=796&MIID=649&UnitCode=5131&UUID=c01f2ffd-47e2-4dd2-8edd-d0e34538453f)

 

Presentations

 

Albert Godal : Entomological surveillance in France and vector control around imported cases.

 

Wim Van Bortel : Challenges of vector-borne disease surveillance and control from a European perspective.

 

Veerle Vanlerberghe – Luc Tsachoua Epidemiological aspects of the current Zika virus outbreak and the Belgian response strategy.

 

Isra Deblauwe : Invasive mosquito surveillance implemented in Belgium since 2012: still need for a permanent structure and a clear control plan.

 

Sanne Ruyts Longitudinal survey of the effect of forest types on the abundance of Ixodes ricinus ticks

 

Tinne Lernout Monitoring of tick borne diseases in Belgium: need for a One Health approach

 

Dadi Falay Sadiki High prevalence of Rickettsia typhi and Bartonella species in rats and fleas, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

 

Nick De Regge Culicoides and Culicoides borne diseases in Belgium.





last modified on 31 May 2016